When Do Kids Learn Multiplication? (Complete Guide!)

By KidSpaceStuff •  Updated: 06/13/24 •  6 min read

As an experienced parent, I understand the questions, the anticipation, and even the apprehension that can come with this aspect of their math education.

When do children learn multiplication? How do they learn it? And, most importantly, how can we as parents support their learning journey?

In this post, I’ll uncover everything you should know about when kids learn multiplication so you can stress less. Let’s get started!

  • Kids generally start learning multiplication in 2nd or 3rd grade: This is when kids begin to develop a better understanding of numbers, and multiplication is introduced as a concept. Teachers may use manipulatives and games to make learning multiplication fun and engaging for kids.
  • Repetition and practice are key for kids to master multiplication: Kids need to practice consistently to memorize multiplication tables and build the foundation for more complex multiplication problems. Flashcards, timed quizzes, and online resources can be useful tools for practicing multiplication facts.
  • Real-world applications can help kids understand the importance of multiplication: Teachers and parents can use real-life scenarios, such as splitting food evenly among friends or calculating the cost of multiple items, to help kids see the practical applications of multiplication and make it more relatable.

When Do Children Start Learning Multiplication?

Multiplication Tables

On average, children start learning multiplication in elementary school, usually around the age of seven or eight.

However, it’s essential to remember that this age can vary. Some children might show readiness earlier, while others might need a little more time to grasp addition and subtraction thoroughly before moving on to multiplication and then division.

These years are critical to your child’s development, so it’s critical to help them stay focused and learning.

What Grade do you Learn Multiplication?

Multiplication is typically introduced in the second grade in the United States education system.

However, the depth of understanding and mastery of multiplication facts and concepts is further developed and reinforced throughout third and fourth grades.

During these grades, students not only learn the basic multiplication facts, but they also start to learn and understand the concept of multiplication as repeated addition, the use of multiplication in problem-solving situations, and eventually the principles of multi-digit multiplication.

How Do Children Learn Multiplication?

Children learn multiplication through a combination of strategies, from memorization to understanding the concept of multiplication as repeated addition.


Times tables, also known as multiplication tables, are often the first introduction to multiplication. These are usually taught through repetition and memorization.

Repeated Addition

Understanding the concept of multiplication as repeated addition is another fundamental aspect of learning multiplication. For example, understanding that 4 x 3 is the same as adding 4 three times.

Visual Aids

Multiplication Learning Age

Visual aids like arrays, number lines, and area models are also effective ways to illustrate multiplication concepts.

For instance, an array for 3 x 2 would show three rows of two objects each.

Just like how children learn colors, visual aids can be great to help them understand basic math concepts like multiplication tables and other skills like counting and even the alphabet.

How Can You Help Your Children Learn Multiplication?

As parents, we play a crucial role in supporting our children’s education. Here are some strategies you can use to help your child learn multiplication:

Incorporate Multiplication in Daily Life

Practical applications are one of the best ways to help children understand multiplication. This could be counting pairs of socks, calculating how many pieces of candy each friend gets, or figuring out how many days until their birthday.

Use Visual Aids

Use Visual Aids

Use visual aids to illustrate multiplication concepts. Draw arrays with your child, or use objects like buttons or beads to make it more interactive.

Make Learning Fun

Turn learning multiplication into a game. Use flashcards for a quick quiz, play multiplication bingo, or find fun online games that reinforce multiplication skills.

Practice, Practice, Practice

Regular practice is key to mastering multiplication. Whether it’s a few minutes each day working on times tables or solving multiplication problems, make sure your child gets plenty of practice.

Here’s a great video to help you child learn multiplication tables!


FAQs about When Do Kids Learn Multiplication

What age should a child be able to multiply?

Children can start learning the concept of multiplication as early as preschool, but typically, multiplication is learned in 3rd grade and mastered by the end of 4th grade. However, it is important to wait until students understand basic concepts like addition and skip counting before introducing them to multiplication.

Should 3rd graders know multiplication?

Yes, 3rd graders should start learning their multiplication tables and have daily practice to master them. This is traditionally when multiplication is introduced in schools and children should already have a good grasp of addition by this point.

Should a 4th grader know multiplication?

Yes, typically, 4th graders are able to memorize multiplication facts with basic numbers and should focus on mastering multiplication facts with 2-digit numbers. If a 4th grader has already mastered their basic facts, they can move on to double-digit multiplication.

What are some tools for teaching multiplication?

There are several tools that can be used to teach multiplication, including multiplication drills, flashcards, online multiplication apps, lattice multiplication activities, and games. It is important to find the right tool that suits the child’s learning style and helps them practice regularly.

How can struggling students learn multiplication?

For struggling students, it may be helpful to break down multiplication concepts into smaller, more manageable parts, such as focusing on basic multiplication tables like the 1s, 2s, 5s, and 10s. Practice with flashcards, drills, and games can also help struggling students build confidence and mastery over time.

Why is regular practice important for learning multiplication?

Regular practice is important for learning multiplication because it helps build fluency and accuracy. Daily practice can help students memorize multiplication facts and understand the underlying concepts behind multiplication, such as skip counting and grouping. Without regular practice, students may struggle with math for the rest of their schooling career.

Final Thoughts

In general, most children learn multiplication facts around the age of 7 to 8. However, every learning stage will vary from child to child.

If your child continues to struggle with multiplication and math skills despite your best efforts, it may be helpful to seek advice from their teacher or consider hiring a tutor.

Learning multiplication is a significant milestone in a child’s mathematical education. It might seem daunting initially, both for the child and the parent, but with patience, persistence, and the right strategies, your child will eventually grasp this concept. Remember, every child learns at their own pace, and struggles and setbacks are just stepping stones in their learning journey. As a parent, your role is to guide, support, and celebrate their achievements, every step of the way.

Have other questions about your child’s education? Check out these articles!